lat. Matricaria chamomilla
The Matricaria chamomilla grows 10 to 40 cm high and is characterized by 2 to 3 leaflets with white feathers, which are about 0.5 cm narrow. The stem ends with a yellow head. The appearance is similar to that of a daisy. In nature it can be found at the edge of paths and fields. Its history tells us that it was originally settled in the eastern Mediterranean. Today, it is native to the whole of Europe, but can also be found in countries such as Argentina and Egypt. As far as its cultural aspect is concerned, it can be said that it serves as a medicinal and useful plant.
|Nutritional values||per 100 ml|
|of which sugar||–|
|Calories||3,0 kcal / 13,0 kJ|
The name comes from Latin. The translation partly stands for uterus and alludes to the fact that the real chamomile is used as a cultural aid in women’s complaints. For stomach and intestinal complaints such as flatulence and abdominal cramps, it is used with tea water. In general, this type can be used internally and externally.
Mankind has gathered a lot of information about their abilities. Bacterial wounds are treated with an ointment of chamomile oil to accelerate the healing process. Historical interest has always been in the ingredients. The essential oil obtained from these plants has an anti-inflammatory effect on humans. These plants are even suitable for gargling, so that pain in the gums or throat can be fought.
Some also consciously take a chamomile bath, but contact with the eyes is not recommended. If there are problems with the airways, the active ingredients may be inhaled.
The species belongs to the group of composite flowers and takes care of its own reproduction. The yellow color of the plants attracts the pollinating insects. In addition, chamomile spreads by excreting animals that have eaten their seeds elsewhere.
The plant feels at home in a sunny location and thrives almost everywhere. However, its sensitivity to frost endangers the yield.
The seed is spread from April onwards. If possible, the seeds should be planted in loamy and sandy soil. The place should be in the sun. The Matricaria chamomilla blooms from May to September, whereby among other things the soil composition influences the harvest. Some information suggests that the best time for harvesting is when two thirds of the heads’ flowers have bloomed. After the first harvest, new flower heads are formed.